Simon Moore's renowned four day fluid preservation course (see below for details) will next take place from the 15th to 18th of July 2024. Location: University of Southampton, U.K.

Location of the course: Room 5081/1017, School of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences B85, University of Southampton Highfield Campus, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK.
Tel: 023 80598145
Simon’s tel: +44 (0) 7900 36 8757
Hosts: Chris Malcolm & Jane Worner-Gibbs.
Training by: Simon Moore
Cost:350 GB pounds; please notify Simon Moore if you require bank transfer details. Simon's email:
Nearest Airport is Southampton (SOU) situated just south of Eastleigh.
Winchester is about 20 minutes away by car (north) via Bassett Avenbue.

This four-day course is specifically aimed at those who have to manage and conserve natural history specimens preserved in fluids: it will cover all aspects of fluid preservation and conservation of fluid-preserved specimens, how to understand them, the chemical reactions that occur during the preservation process, what can go wrong and how to remedy many problems with them etc. The course comprises powerpoint presentations each day for about 1 hour and the rest of the day is entirely practical work.

Please contact Simon Moore to register for the course or if you require further information:
Terms. Once attendance has been confirmed by e-mail, one third of the course fee will be payable in the event of a no-show or late cancellation. Notice of cancellation can only be accepted 2 weeks prior to the commencement of the course. If a pro-forma invoice is required in advance please advise Simon Moore (
Please advise Simon Moore of any personal allergies that you may have and also request a schedule if you require one in advance. Due to dietary complications these days, lunches are not provided. A certificate of successful attendance will be issued following the course. Full handouts (including risk assessments) are included in the cost but not accommodation. For notes on accommodation, see the bottom of this page.

Details of the course contents are below, but first here are some genuine unsolicited comments about Simon's fluid preservation courses:

'I participated in Simon's fluid preservation course at the Horniman in November 2010 and I personally encourage everyone who is interested in fluid preserved collections particularly those of you who work with old collections - to take this workshop if you can. Simon is a terrific instructor and the Horniman facilities are excellent. You will learn a lot of very useful things. A write-up about the course is due to appear in the upcoming SPNHC Newsletter'.
John Simmons of Museologica, Pennsylvania, USA.

'As with others, we have benefited from Simon’s course. We hosted one in Dublin, which like the US means that he can’t fly carrying some of the interesting chemicals and tools that are needed. But you need to get these in you museum anyway so it’s a good idea to get your shopping list from Simon and stock up in advance. We included university technicians from zoology and anatomy departments to get the numbers to make the course financially viable. We also included all in our small museum staff so that even if people don’t work with wet collections on a daily basis they understand fully what they are all about. I can also add my support to Simon’s long experience in museums and unparalleled knowledge in his field.'
Mr Nigel T. Monaghan, National Museum of Ireland.

I have been lucky to gain from Simon's broad expertise during the KUR-Programme and haven't met a person being that much devoted to fluid preservation, collection care and restoration of historic collection objects before. His broad practical knowledge can hardly be pressed into the few lines of a publication, and even though we didn't manage to bring Simon and his course to Germany yet, I can only encourage folks dealing with fluid collections to gain from Simon's expertise. Being a freelancer he has to take money for the course, but this is well invested money, especially regarding (historic & modern) preservation techniques. Book him, his course surely is worth every penny!”
Dirk Neumann, The Bavarian State Collection of Zoology, Munich (ZSM).

Schedule (the timings are only suggested).

Day 1.
10.00 start. Introduction: including local logistics, fire-exits, risks, allergies, house H&S rules, self introductions.
Power-point 1: overview of course technology and histological effects of fluid preservation.
Questions and tea-break, discussion about the importance of fluid collections, fixation versus pseudo-fixation, fixation versus preservation.
Glass cutting, grinding, drilling (demonstration & practical): necessary for making lids and backing plates.
Rehydration of dried-out specimens started (d & p)
Relevance of injecting fresh material with fixative
13.00 - 14.00. Lunch (not provided – either bring your own or use local facilities.
Preparation of jars (checking, grinding out blemishes – d & p)
Dehydration/ Hydration ladders start (d & p)
Thread mounting of specimens (d & p).
Celloidin mounting of snails to specimens and labels (d & p)
- 17.00 Check rehydrating specimens and fix + inject if they are ready, else leave (unheated) overnight (d & p).

Day 2.
09.00 start. Power-point 2: narcotisation, historical sealants, pelagic (jellyfish) mounts, botanical preservatives.
Check of previous day’s work, analyse and correct problems. Move specimens in ladders (d & p)
Changing fluids in sealed jars (d & p).
How to deal with air bubbles, especially those trapped inside rehydrated specimens using a small portable vacuum pump: (d & p)
Making glass needles and their use in specimen repair (d & p)
Celloidin repair of specimens in IMS (or day 3: d & p)
Releasing vacuum in Visijars (talk if none available)
Thread mounting of specimens (continuation) including jellyfish on acetate discs (d & p).
13.00 – 14.00 Lunch (as before).
Move specimens in ladders (d & p)
Compounding of sealant/s (gelatine, Acrifix, bitumen)
Unsealing jars containing specimens requiring treatment (d & p)
Other types of sealants including historical sealants (d only)
- 17.00 Sealing of jars that are ready (d & p)

Day 3. 09.00 start. Power-point 3: preservatives, lipids, copper wire staining
Checking of previous day’s seals (d & p).
Assessing problems: evaporation and dilution
Dealing with lipids and other contaminants including fungal growth
Copper salts staining specimens, from being mounted on copper wire.
Detecting preserving fluids and auto-dilution problems: use of map pins and Dries van Dam’s ‘pills’ - Making your own specific gravity detector (d & p)
Which preservatives should you use? (On hand-outs)
Problems of mixing fluids (exothermic due to binary azeotropy and leading to air bubble formation).
Buffering and pH levels (d & p).
13.00 - 14.00. Lunch.
Stretching polypropylene rod (d & p)
– 17.00 Topping up sealed jars, ‘corking’ and sealing. Checking for problems and why they may have occurred.

Day 4. 09.00 start.
Power-point 4: Transparencies, labels and label inks, tubes in jars (invert or not?) Jar types and problems, storage areas, plastination – ethics.
Check of nearly-finished jars, are they leaking? If so, why, what has caused this – understanding how and why problems can occur and why deadlines can be difficult to meet! (d & p).
Dealing with transparencies – clearing fluids including glycerol, propylene glycol, methyl benzoate and turpentine and problems associated with these.
Sending fluid-preserved specimens by post or courier, worldwide policies changing year to year. Links to answers nh-coll website:
How to store such collections so that they need minimum monitoring and maintenance.
Labels and their problems, which paper/s to use. Internal or external labels?
13.00 - 14.00. Lunch.
Finishing of practical work and projects, then16.00 – Packing up & Depart.

With thanks to John Simmons for the images.

An article from a recent SPNHC (Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections) Newsletter about this course: